1484-1531 Swiss reformer
Ulrich Zwingli was educated at schools in Basel and Burn, Switzerland, and Vienna, Austria. He
became a parish priest in 1506 and, on becoming pastor of the great
Minster Church in Zurich, he began to preach against the unscriptural
practices in the Catholic Church. He made an open break with Rome in
1522 after studying the works of Martin Luther.
The break was completed
in 1525 when he replaced the Roman Mass with the first reformed
communion service at his church. Zwingli differed with Luther in his
views on communion, in that he maintained that the Lord's Supper is a
memorial ordinance only, and it is found in I Corinthians, chapters
7 through 9. He participated in armed warfare against the Catholic
states around him, and died in battle, sword in hand, defending the
Bible over tradition.